The blood pressure is the pressure of the blood within the arteries. It is produced primarily by the contraction of the heart muscles. Its measurement is recorded by two numbers. The first (systolic pressure) is measured after the heart contracts and is highest. The second (diastolic pressure) is measured before the heart contracts and is lowest. A blood pressure cuff is used to measure the pressure. Elevation of blood pressure is called “hypertension”.
Hypertension means high blood pressure. Blood pressure is the force of blood pushing against the walls of arteries as it flows through them. Arteries are the blood vessels that carry oxygenated blood from the heart to the body tissues. Hypertension is defined as blood pressure greater than 140/90 on two or more blood pressure readings taken at each of two or more visits after initial screening.
Causative factors for hypertension:
The causes of hypertension may include narrowing of the arteries, a greater than normal volume of blood, or the heart beating faster or more forcefully than it should. Any of these conditions will cause increased pressure against the arterial walls. The majority of hypertension cases are primary but Primary hypertension cause is unknown. When there is an underlying problem such as kidney disease or hormonal disorders that can cause hypertension, it is called secondary hypertension.
About 95 in 100 people with high blood pressure have primary hypertension. This means there is no single cause, but various lifestyle factors can contribute, including:
- Obesity (being very overweight)
- Drinking alcohol excessively
- Lack of exercise
- Excessive salt intake
Types of Hypertension
- Stage 1 hypertension: Is define as a systolic blood pressure of 140 to 159 mm Hg or a diastolic blood pressure of 90 to 99 mm Hg
- Stage 2 hypertension: Is defined as systolic blood pressure of 160 mm Hg or greater, or a diastolic blood pressure 100 mm Hg or greater
- Prehypertension : Is defined as systolic blood pressure is between 120 and 139 mm Hg, and/or a diastolic blood pressure is between 80 and 89 mm Hg in adults, or if either the systolic blood pressure or the diastolic blood pressure is between the 90th and the 95th percentile values in children.
- Essential hypertension: Refers to the 90% of patients with hypertension without identifiable secondary cause. There are no specific symptoms of raised blood pressure, only those attributable to damage to target organs.
- Secondary hypertension: Has an identifiable cause, such as renal artery stenos is or pheochromocytoma and is managed as part of the primary condition.
- Hypertension in pregnancy or preeclampsia: Is managed as an obstetric urgency or emergency
Symptoms and Complications of High Blood Pressure
- Hypertension can occasionally cause headaches, vision problems, dizziness, or shortness of breath, but most people with hypertension have no symptoms. This is why hypertension is referred to as the “silent killer.” Hypertension is usually discovered at a regular medical checkup when a doctor or nurse takes a blood pressure reading.
- If you have very high blood pressure, or your blood pressure rises quickly, you may have headaches, problems with your vision, fits or black-outs but this is very uncommon.
How to diagnose high blood pressure?
Doctors recommend blood pressure is kept below 140/90 measured in the clinic, or 135/85 measured at home. A slightly higher level is acceptable for people over 80. If you have diabetes, kidney disease or cardiovascular disease, your blood pressure should be lower than this – ideally less than 130/80.
Also need some tests to see if high blood pressure is affecting the rest of your body. These may include:
- Urine test – proteins in urine may be the first sign of damage to kidneys
- Blood test to check cholesterol and blood sugar levels, as well as the condition of kidneys
- Electrocardiogram (ECG) – a test that measures the electrical activity of heart to check for signs of heart enlargement or other damage
- Echocardiogram: This is a test that uses ultrasound waves to provide pictures of the heart’s valves and chambers so the pumping action of the heart can be studied and measurement of the chambers and wall thickness of the heart can be made.
How Homoeopathy helps to cure Hypertension?
High blood pressure is not a disease in itself. It is just a sign of some underlying disorders. Homeopathy offers good prognosis for cases of essential hypertension. The treatment is based upon the cause and the totality of the case. Many homeopathic remedies are successfully used to control hypertension.
Homeopathy treats the person as a whole. It means that homeopathic treatment focuses on the patient as a person, as well as his pathological condition. The homeopathic medicines are selected after a full individualizing examination and case-analysis, which includes the medical history of the patient, physical and mental constitution etc. Homeopathic medicines that act through the Psycho-Neuro-Endocrino-Immunological axis can definitely cure hypertension.
Research indicates that about 62% of strokes and 49% of heart attacks are caused by hypertension. Homeopathy can help high blood pressure, determining its cause through a holistic approach that looks to cure the individual as a whole. Homeopaths simply use symptoms, and the sensation of experiencing those symptoms, to determine which homeopathic remedy will most effectively trigger the body’s healing response. Homeopathy cannot just give symptomatic relief in cases of hypotension but can also address many root causes of low blood pressure like Bradychardia, Tachycardia, Pericarditis, Shock, Septicemia, Vasovagal attack, inflammation etc
Commonly indicated Homoeopathic remedies:
Gloninum:Vertigo on assuming upright position. Sensation of pulsations throughout the body. Surging of blood to head and heart. Great remedy for congestive headaches. Cerebral congestion, head feels enormously large. Fluttering palpitations with dyspnoea.Any exertion brings on rush of blood to heart and fainting spells.
Cretagus:Acts on muscles of heart and myocarditis.High arterial tension and extreme dyspnoea on least exersion.Fatty degeneration of heart. Pulse accelerated irregular and intermittent.Valvular murmurs and angina pectoris.
Lachesis:Palpitations with fainting spells. Irregular heartbeats. Rush of blood to heat. Left sided apoplexy. Hot flushes and hot perspiration.
Other indicated remedies: Nat.mur, Veratrum viride, Arg.nit, Sangunaria, Belladonna, Rawolflia, Gelsemium, Baryta Mur etc.
Low blood pressure occurs when blood pressure is much lower than normal. This means the heart, brain, and other parts of the body do not get enough blood.
Causative factors for Hypotension:
- Serious illness or conditions such as heart disease or aheart attack, can also cause low blood pressure
- Neurological disorders, such as Parkinson’s diseaseM
- Hormone problems such as Addison’s disease, can also cause low blood pressure.
- Septic shock and toxic shock syndrome
- Cardiogenic shock
Types of Hypotension:
- Orthostatic Hypotension
- Neurally Mediated Hypotension
- Severe Hypotension Linked to Shock
- Postprandial hypotension
- Postural hypotension.
- Blurry vision
- Cold, clammy, pale skin
- Confusion and dizziness
- Weakness and Fainting
- Fast breathing
- Fast heartbeat
- Inability to concentrate
How to diagnose hypotension?
Low blood pressure (hypotension) can be easily diagnosed by measuring the blood pressure. Other tests may be performed, such as an ECG (electrocardiogram) to measure heart rate and rhythm and an echocardiogram. Check the blood tests to look for anemia or problems with blood sugar levels.
How Homoeopathy helps to cure Hypotension?
Homeopathy cannot just give symptomatic relief in cases of hypotension but can also address many root causes of low blood pressure like Bradychardia, Tachycardia, Pericarditis, Shock, Septicemia, Vasovagal attack, inflammation etc. Homeopathy treats the person as a whole. It means that homeopathic treatment focuses on the patient as a person, as well as his pathological condition. The homeopathic medicines are selected after a full individualizing examination and case-analysis, which includes the medical history of the patient, physical and mental constitution etc.
Commonly indicated Homoeopathic remedies:
Ars.alb: Great exhaustion after slightest exertion. Irritable weakness. Sleep disturbed. Anxious restless. Gradual loss of weight from impaired nutrition. Anaemia and chlorosis.Great prostration with rapid sinking of vitalforces.Rapid emaciation with cold sweat and great debility.
China officinalis: Debility from exhausting, discharges, from loss of vital fluids.Irregular with weak rapid heartbeats. Great debility, trembling with numb sensation in lowelimbs.Aversion to exercise, worse from slightest touch, relieved by hard pressure. Entire nervous system extremely sensitive. Face pale, sallow, sunken eyes with dark rings around the eyes. Suffocative attacks, anaemia with dropsy.
Veratrum album: Cold sweat on forehead, sensation of lump of ice on vertex, icy coldness of tip of nose, extreme coldness and weakness. Pale face, rapid and feeble pulse. Vomiting, purging and cramps in extremities. Rapid sinking of vital forces, complete prostration and collapse. Attacks of fainting from from least exertion.
Other indicated remedies: Ferrum.met, Pulsatilla, Baryta.carb, Gelsemium, Sepia, Phosphorus etc.